Zanthoxylum americanum

Common name: Prickly Ash

Native plant

Prickly Ash is part of the oak savanna. It is a very thorny plant that grows into thickets that are impossible to penetrate. The seeds are jet black and have a very strong citrus smell. I have crushed the seed with my hands and smelled like citrus all day. Prickly and Wafer Ash are the major food source for the Giant Swallowtail butterfly. This plant likes full to half-day sun. Fall color is yellow.

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Pricing information per unit for 5 gallon growing method
1 to 10 units $19.50
11 to 24 units $17
25 or more units $14.50

Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry, Dry Mesic, Mesic

Light exposure

Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade

Bloom period




Growth form

Multi-stemmed, Colonizing, Rhizomatous/stoloniferous

General information

Mature height
10 Feet
Mature width
5 Feet
Max height
15 Feet
Max width
10 Feet
Growth rate
Flower color
Green White
Fall color

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Loved by birds

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