Sambucus nigra var. canadensis

Common name: Elderberry

Native plant

Also known as Black or Common Elderberry, Sambucus nigra var. canadensis is a large shrub with showy flower displays that produce an abundance of sweet, edible fruit.  The small flowers mass together in 6-12 inch wide flat-topped cymes in June. The purple-black fruit is relished by birds and humans from August to September. If the plant gets too large for an area, it may be cut to the ground in March and will still flower the same year. A great plant for shrub borders that have half-day sun.


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Price Level: 
Woodies- Standard Shrub
Sizing Options: 
1 Gallon
5 Gallon

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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Eastern Exposure / Morning Sun, Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period

Late Spring

Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Compacted/New Construction Soils, Road-side/Salt Tolerant, Yards that Flood


Floodplain, Moist Woods, Prairie Grasslands, Savannas, Wetlands, Woodlands

Growth form

Shrubby/Clump, Colonizing / Spreading

Growth rate


Flower color


Fall color



Mature height
8 Feet
Mature width
6 Feet
Max height
12 Feet
Max width
8 Feet

Additional information

Loved by birds Pollinator hot spot Edible fruit

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