Salix nigra

Common name: Black Willow

Native plant

One of the most common willows east of the Mississippi River. One of the larger ones too. It is insanely fast growing, 9 feet in 4 months here at the farm, and comes up where ever there is water for extended periods of time. Some may ask why we are growing such a weedy plant, and we’d tell them that it is an excellent habitat builder and water purifier. It is browsed on by everything from deer and beaver to caterpillars and nested in by all manner of wetland birds. There are a couple of weak points about this tree. It tends to be short-lived, most living from 40 to 65 years. It also tends to have brittle wood and can break up under pressure, but it will sucker back if this happens.

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$20.00

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Plant Details

Plant type

Tree, Large Shrub

Soil type

Moist Mesic, Wet

Light exposure

Eastern Exposure / Morning Sun, Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period

Spring

Urban environment

Road-side/Salt Tolerant, Yards that Flood

Habitat

Floodplain, Moist Woods, Savannas, Wetlands

Growth form

Shrubby/Clump, Single trunk, Colonizing / Spreading

Growth rate

Fast

Flower color

Green

Fall color

Yellow

Size

Mature height
30 Feet
Mature width
30 Feet
Max height
50 Feet
Max width
40 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Pollinator hot spot

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