Salix nigra

Common name: Black Willow

Native plant

One of the most common and largest willows east of the Mississippi River. It is insanely fast growing, reaching 9 feet in 4 months here at the farm, and comes up where ever there is water for extended periods of time. It is an excellent habitat builder and water purifier. It is browsed on by everything from deer and beaver to caterpillars, and nested in by all manner of wetland birds. It also tends to have brittle wood and can break up under pressure, but it will sucker back if this happens.


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Price Level: 
Woodies- Standard Shrub
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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Moist Mesic, Wet

Light exposure

Eastern Exposure / Morning Sun, Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period


Urban environment

Road-side/Salt Tolerant, Yards that Flood


Floodplain, Moist Woods, Savannas, Wetlands

Growth form

Shrubby/Clump, Single trunk, Colonizing / Spreading

Growth rate


Flower color


Fall color



Mature height
30 Feet
Mature width
30 Feet
Max height
50 Feet
Max width
40 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Pollinator hot spot

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