Quercus velutina

Common name: Black Oak

Native plant

Black Oak tends to be found on well-drained sites such as sand or gravel. The leaves are very similar to Red Oak.  Fall color can be red but usually is a tan-brown. Leaves do not persist through winter. Ultimate size is slightly smaller than Red Oak in the Chicago region. As you go east, the Black Oak can reach massive proportions. The pioneers used the bark for yellow dye. We are currently growing a Black x Shingle cross. I am very curious to see if there is such a thing as hybrid vigor. I will let you know more in the future!

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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry, Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry)

Light exposure

Full Sun

Bloom period


Urban environment

Compacted/New Construction Soils, Road-side/Salt Tolerant


Prairie Grasslands, Sandy Soils, Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate


Flower color

Yellowish Catkin

Fall color

Red Orange


Mature height
40 Feet
Mature width
20 Feet
Max height
70 Feet
Max width
65 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Loved by birds

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