Quercus muehlenbergii

Common name: Chinquapin Oak

Native plant

This unique oak has a very narrow environmental niche in northeastern Illinois. This native tree is found on very shallow soils that overlay limestone. Chinquapin has done well as a street tree because of its tolerance of high pH and drought resistance. It's leaves are unusual for a white oak in that they are not lobed and have serrated teeth along their margin. This tree is one of the faster growing oaks at two feet to as much as four feet per year. However, when the tree grows four feet taller in one year, the next year it takes a time out and grows side branches. The small, very sweet acorn is highly sought after by wildlife. Bark and structure are very similar to White Oak.


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Woodies- Standard Tree
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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry)

Light exposure

Full Sun

Bloom period


Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Compacted/New Construction Soils, Road-side/Salt Tolerant


Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate


Flower color

Yellowish Catkin

Fall color

Orange Yellow


Mature height
50 Feet
Mature width
50 Feet
Max height
1 020 Inches
Max width
60 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Loved by birds

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