Quercus macrocarpa

Common name: Bur Oak

Native plant

Illinois is the prairie state and Bur Oak is the prairie oak. Very tolerant of heavy clay soil, high pH, and open areas. Bur Oak is bimodal, growing in the uplands as well as the bottomlands. This indicates it is a very adaptable tree. Bur seems to prefer heavier soils to sandy ones, but it definitely needs full sun. One of the fastest growing oaks in our nursery, growing as much as 30 inches per year as a rule. Very asymmetrical in youth, while the rest of the oaks tend to be symmetrical. It becomes more symmetrical as it matures. Bark is deeply furrowed and dark brown. The bark, in combination with the massive branches, makes a very spectacular winter statement.


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Woodies- Standard Tree
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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Full Sun

Bloom period


Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Compacted/New Construction Soils, Road-side/Salt Tolerant


Floodplain, Moist Woods, Prairie Grasslands, Sandy Soils, Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate


Flower color

Yellowish Catkin

Fall color



Mature height
50 Feet
Mature width
50 Feet
Max height
1 080 Inches
Max width
1 080 Inches

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Loved by birds

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Available Online:  12
Price:  $28.00


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