Quercus alba

Common name: White Oak

Native plant

White Oak is the state tree of Illinois. It is the only oak of the white oak group that has russet red fall color. In youth, the leaves tend to persist over the winter. As the tree ages, the leaves fall off in autumn. Grows in sand and clay but never in very wet sites. Most of our oaks are intolerant of shade, but White Oak is mildly shade-tolerant, needing only 3-4 hours of sun daily. Somewhat slower growing (18”) than others in the White Oak family.

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Plant Details

Plant type

Tree

Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period

Spring

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate

Moderate

Flower color

Catkin

Fall color

Red Purple

Size

Mature height
50 Feet
Mature width
50 Feet
Max height
80 Feet
Max width
1 020 Inches

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Loved by birds

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