Morella pensylvanica

Common name: Northern Bayberry

Non-native plant

This plant is great for well-drained sites in full sun. It does very well in sandy areas. The plant requires very little pruning and is somewhat slow growing. Bayberry has a symbiotic relationship with bacteria that enables it to fix nitrogen from the air. Bayberry is native to the east coast. The white coating of this plant’s seed is used for bayberry candles. It takes 4 lbs. of seed to get 1 lb. of wax. 


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Plant Details

Plant type

Large Shrub, Shrub

Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period


Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Harsh Exposure Tolerant, New Construction, Road-side/Salt Tolerant


Prairie Grasslands, Sandy Soils, Savannas

Growth form

Shrubby/Clump, Colonizing / Spreading

Growth rate


Flower color


Fall color



Mature height
5 Feet
Mature width
4 Feet
Max height
10 Feet
Max width
10 Feet

Additional information

Loved by birds

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