Fagus grandifolia

Common name: American Beech

Native plant

One of the most shade tolerant trees we grow, Fagus grandifolia is part of the climax beech-maple forests in Indiana. Native beech trees are within a few miles of the west side of Lake Michigan all the way to Door County, Wisconsin. Spectacular smooth gray bark, though people tend to carve their names on it! Outstanding golden-yellow fall color. I have tried growing this tree in the field, and it has done very poorly. I moved three of them into a staghorn sumac thicket, and they grew 2 feet in one year! We now grow them in #5 containers under shade.


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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry)

Light exposure

Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period


Urban environment

Requires Protected Site


Moist Woods, Savannas

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate


Flower color


Fall color



Mature height
40 Feet
Mature width
30 Feet
Max height
80 Feet
Max width
40 Feet

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