Corylus cornuta

Common name: Beaked Hazelnut

Native plant

A rare cousin to our local american hazel in Illinois, where it hides out in our most northwestern corner. I've looked for years and have only found it once (was not sure it wasn't planted). Very similar in general apperance with leaves, habit and flowers being very close. The most telling difference is fruit. The "beak" on the husk can be up to 3 inches long and is covered in tiny filaments that make the it very irritating to skin while picking them. It also differs in its preferred habitat from american hazel in that it likes to be in more shaded savanas and open woods with thinner soils. I have planted a couple in my yard and they seem to be tolerant of NE Illinois soils but the ones that get more shade are doing better. A wonderful botanic addtion for yards that with light evergreen and oak shade.

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Plant Details

Plant type

Large Shrub, Shrub

Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Eastern Exposure / Morning Sun, High Canopy Shade (Usually from oaks), Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period

Spring

Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Requires Protected Site

Habitat

Savannas

Growth form

Dence Growth Form, Shrubby/Clump, Colonizing / Spreading

Growth rate

Moderate

Flower color

Yellowish Catkin

Fall color

Yellow Orange

Size

Mature height
7 Feet
Mature width
6 Feet
Max height
23 Feet
Max width
17 Feet

Additional information

Drought Resistant Loved by birds

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