Chionanthus virginicus

Common name: Fringe Tree

Non-native plant

Fringe Tree is more of a shrub than a tree, but because it takes seven years to grow from a seed to size, it costs more like a tree. Almost all other plant material we raise takes one year from seed to the field. Fringe tree leafs out late and has very fragrant lilac-smelling white flowers in late May. Since it is one of the few plants I have not seen in the wild, I have planted it in both shade and sun. Fringe Tree needs a minimum of a half-day sun, good garden soil, and some protection from the west. Fringe Tree is dioecious, meaning the male and female plants are separate and both are needed if seed is to be produced. Fruit on the female plants are slightly smaller than a quarter and very blue. Yellow fall color. Native to Eastern USA.


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Price Level: 
Woodies- Specialty Tree Tier 2
Sizing Options: 
1 Gallon
5 Gallon
10 Gallon
15 Gallon


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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry)

Light exposure

Eastern Exposure / Morning Sun, Full Sun

Bloom period

Late Spring

Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Compacted/New Construction Soils


Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Shrubby/Clump, Low branched

Growth rate


Flower color


Fall color



Mature height
10 Feet
Mature width
10 Feet
Max height
15 Feet
Max width
15 Feet

Additional information

Great for Screening/Border Plantings Pollinator hot spot

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