Celtis occidentalis

Common name: Hackberry

Native plant

In youth, Hackberry’s branching habit is very unruly, numerous branches with leaders everywhere! When the tree reaches 3 inches in caliper, it looks very much like an elm. Very adaptable tree, growing in wet and dry soils in full sun. Does well as a street tree. The birds relish the purplish-black fruit. I have tried the flesh around the drupe, and it is very good. Be careful not to bite the seed hard as it is very tough! Hackberry is susceptible to nipple gall and witches broom, with nipple gall being the most prevalent. The gall and the tree get along just fine; it is human perception that causes the problem! Hackberry’s growth rate is very fast in its youth and slows as it matures, but it should grow 20-25 feet in 10 years.


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Pricing information per unit for 5 gallon growing method
1 to 10 units $22
11 to 24 units $19
25 or more units $16.50
Pricing information per unit for 15 gallon growing method
1 to 10 units $90
11 to 24 units $80
25 or more units $75
Pricing information per diameter
1.00 inch $65
1.25 inch $75
1.50 inch $100
1.75 inch $110
2.00 inches $120

Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic, Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Full Sun, Partial Sun

Bloom period



Lightly compacted soils, Harsh exposure tolerant, New construction, Road-side/salt tolerant, Floodplain

Growth form

Single trunk

General information

Mature height
50 Feet
Mature width
40 Feet
Max height
60 Feet
Max width
60 Feet
Growth rate
Fall color

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Loved by birds

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