Carya illinoinensis

Common name: Pecan

Native plant

I really like this plant because it grows fast, that is, fast for a hickory. At one time this plant produced one of the most sought after nuts in the world, and massive trees (some as large as 120 feet tall) would be felled to collect the nuts from the wreckage. Things have changed, and now the tree is most commonly found on old farms and nut plantations. Its landscape potential is largely overlooked, not to mention it is hard to find. Its form is upright and straight with very strong branching, making it ideal for parkways or near a home for shade. Seems to love bottomlands but has been growing great in garden soil here. As a bonus, if you plant it in the right spot, you may never have to buy pecans again!


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Price Level: 
Woodies- Specialty Tree Tier 1
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15 Gallon


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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Full Sun

Bloom period


Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Requires Protected Site


Moist Woods, Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate


Flower color

Yellowish Catkin

Fall color



Mature height
60 Feet
Mature width
30 Feet
Max height
70 Feet
Max width
50 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Great Shade Tree Loved by birds Edible fruit

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