Carya cordiformis

Common name: Bitternut Hickory

Native plant

Everyone should try this nut to get a real feel for what bitter is! I have read that squirrels don’t like this bitter fruit, but I believe the squirrels never read those articles because I am always in direct competition with them when I collect the seed. Also called Yellow Bud for its highly conspicuous yellow buds in the winter. In youth, Bitternut is shade-tolerant but becomes intolerant with age. Should be grown in half-day sun. Yellow fall color. This is the fastest growing hickory we carry at 16-24 inches per year.

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Plant Details

Plant type

Tree

Soil type

Dry Mesic, Mesic (Not to Wet Not to Dry)

Light exposure

Full Sun, Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period

Spring

Urban environment

Uncompacted Urban Soils, Yards that Flood

Habitat

Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate

Moderate

Flower color

Catkin

Fall color

Yellow

Size

Mature height
40 Feet
Mature width
30 Feet
Max height
70 Feet
Max width
50 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Great Shade Tree Loved by birds Edible fruit

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