Aesculus glabra

Common name: Ohio Buckeye

Native plant

Buckeyes are the first tree to leaf out in the spring, which is an adaptation to living in the understory. They leaf out in early to mid April, and when the temperatures drop close to 20°F, it does not affect the leaves. The yellow-green flowers are present in early May. Its sharp and rather large buds elongate displaying a bright salmon color, which burst open to reveal a five-fingered leaf. It is our most shade-tolerant tree and will leaf scorch in full sun. Does best in good garden soil with plenty of moisture. It is not a good street tree or good for compacted soil of new subdivisions. The 1-inch diameter fruit is called a buckeye due to its resemblance to a deer’s eye.

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Plant Details

Plant type

Tree

Soil type

Mesic (Not to Wet Not to Dry), Moist Mesic

Light exposure

Eastern Exposure / Morning Sun, Full Sun, High Canopy Shade (Usually from oaks), Partial Sun / Part Shade

Bloom period

Spring

Urban environment

Road-side/Salt Tolerant, Yards that Flood

Habitat

Floodplain, Moist Woods, Savannas, Woodlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate

Fast

Flower color

White

Fall color

Yellow

Size

Mature height
50 Feet
Mature width
30 Feet
Max height
50 Feet
Max width
30 Feet

Additional information

Butterfly host plant Pollinator hot spot

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