Abies balsamea

Common name: Balsam Fir

Non-native plant

Much more of a northern species, this tree is native to central Wisconsin but not truly native to Illinois. Happiest when planted in the areas that hold water or at the very least remain moist after rains. Do not plant it in heavier clay soils if you're looking for long term growth.  We've seen it planted in all sorts of "evergreen" situations with very limited success. The flowering cones appear in late spring and tend to be purple-ish in color at first and fade to brown later on. 


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Price Level: 
Woodies- Standard Tree
Sizing Options: 
1 Gallon
5 Gallon
10 Gallon
15 Gallon

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Plant Details

Plant type


Soil type

Mesic (Not too Wet Not too Dry), Moist Mesic, Wet

Light exposure

Full Sun

Bloom period


Urban environment

Requires Protected Site, Yards that Flood


Floodplain, Moist Woods, Wetlands

Growth form

Single trunk

Growth rate


Flower color


Fall color



Mature height
40 Feet
Mature width
25 Feet
Max height
55 Feet
Max width
35 Feet

Additional information

Rain garden suited

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